No. The breed of the chicken determines the color of the eggs. Different parts of this country value different colored eggs. In New England, brown eggs are more desirable, while in the Southeast, they prefer white eggs.
All eggs are covered in farm debris right after laying, and for some reason, in this country, they are then power washed before packaging so then they have to be refrigerated. A total waste of energy in my opinion, but no one seems to care what I think about commercial egg production.